- Robert Mugabe – Zimbabwe
President Jacob Zuma has expressed his pride in the work of a South African-led team of scientists and cavers who discovered Homo Naledi, a new hominin revealed on Thursday morning.
Mugabe’s father was a carpenter. He went to work at a Jesuit mission in South Africa when Mugabe was just a boy, and mysteriously never came home. Mugabe’s mother, a teacher, was left to bring up Mugabe and his three siblings on her own. As a child, Mugabe helped out by tending the family’s cows and making money through odd jobs.
Although many people in Southern Rhodesia went only as far as a grammar school, Mugabe was fortunate enough to receive a good education. He attended school at the local Jesuit mission under the supervision of school director Father O’Hea. A powerful influence on the boy, O’Hea taught Mugabe that all people should be treated equally and educated to the fulfillment of their abilities. Mugabe’s teachers, who called him “a clever lad,” were early to recognize his abilities as considerable.
The values that O’Hea imparted to his students resonated with Mugabe, prompting him to pass them on by becoming a teacher himself. Over the course of nine years, he studied privately while teaching at a number of mission schools in Southern Rhodesia. Mugabe continued his education at the University of Fort Hare in South Africa, graduating with a Bachelor of Arts degree in history and English in 1951. Mugabe then returned to his hometown to teach there. By 1953, he had earned his Bachelor of Education degree through correspondence courses.
In 1955, Mugabe moved to Northern Rhodesia. There, he taught for four years at Chalimbana Training College while also working toward his Bachelor of Science degree in economics through correspondence courses with the University of London. After moving to Ghana, Mugabe completed his economics degree in 1958. He also taught at St. Mary’s Teacher Training College, where he met his first wife, Sarah Heyfron, whom he would marry in 1961. In Ghana, Mugabe declared himself a Marxist, supporting the Ghanaian government’s goal of providing equal educational opportunities to the formerly designated lower classes
2.King Mohamed Vi- Morocco
His Majesty the King, Mohammed VI, King of Morocco, is a descendent of the Alaouite offspring, originally from Yanboo Al Nakhil, a small oasis of the Arabian coast on the Red Sea. Directly descending from the prophet of Islam, Sidna Mohammed, via his daughter Lalla Fatima Zohra, the Royal family came to settle in Sijilmasa, in the Moroccan South, in the middle of the 13th century. His Majesty King Mohammed VI is the 23rd king of the Alaouite Dynasty, the reign of which started in the middle of the 17th century.
His Majesty King Mohammed VI, son of the late King H.M. Hassan II, is born on August 21st, 1963, in Rabat.
At the age of 4, his father enrolled him at the Koranic School of the Royal Palace.
– Primary and secondary education at Royal College. Baccalaureate on June 1981.
– Higher education in Law at the University Mohammed V of Judicial, economic and social sciences in Rabat.
– The Defense of his B.A took place in 1985, with a Thesis entitled “The Arabo-African Union and the Kingdom’s strategy in the international relations.”
– In 1987, he got the First Certificate of high studies in political sciences and a Second Certificate, in Public Law, on July 1988, both of them with honor.
– In order to complete his training, and to practice the principles and rules of law at the college, the Late King Hassan II decided to send him, in November 1988, to Brussels with Mr. Jacques Delors, President of the Commission of the European Economic Communities, for some months. Even at a young age, Crown Prince was always asked by his father to carry out different missions at different levels: national, Arab, Islamic, African and international towards head of states and friends. His Highness took part, thus, in many international and regional conferences.
– On October 29th, 1993, His Highness Crown Prince received, at the University of Nice-Antipolis in France, the title of a Doctor in Law with distinction. The thesis title was: “Cooperation between the European Economic Community and the Arab Maghreb Union”.
– A Honoris Causa Doctorate from the University of George Washington on June 22nd 2000.
– Author of a book and many articles on the Euro Maghreb cooperation.
– Written and spoken languages: Arabic, French, Spanish and English.
– His Majesty the King Mohammed VI practices many sports.
Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf is the world’s first elected black female president and Africa’s first elected female head of state.
Ellen Johnson Sirleaf was born on October 29, 1938, in Monrovia, Liberia. A graduate of the College of West Africa at Monrovia, she went on to receive her bachelor’s degree in accounting from the Madison Business College in Madison, Wisconsin, a degree in economics from the University of Colorado at Boulder and a Master of Public Administration degree from Harvard University.
4.Faure Gnassingbé- Togo
A year after Gnassingbé’s birth, his father, Étienne Eyadéma (who later took the name Gnassingbé Eyadéma), seized power in Togo during a military coup. As the son of the country’s leader, Gnassingbé enjoyed a certain level of privilege. He was educated in Paris at the Sorbonne (part of the Universities of Paris I–XIII), where he studied economics and international relations. He also earned a master’s degree in business administration from George Washington University inWashington, D.C. Returning to Togo, he became involved in the management of his family’s business affairs, serving as a financial adviser to his father.
5.Jose Eduardo- Angola
José Eduardo dos Santos was born on August 28, 1942, in Luanda, the capital of Angola, where his father was a stonemason. Even in school he was an ardent nationalist and worked clandestinely among students for the overthrow of Portuguese colonial rule.
In 1961, at the age of 19, he joined the African nationalist organization, Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), although it had been banned by the Portuguese authorities and its members persecuted by the political police. Later that same year he fled into exile in Léopoldville (now Kinshasa, Congo) where MPLA had an office. His ability was soon recognized in his appointment as deputy president of the party’s youth wing. Two years later he was attached to the MPLA office in Brazzaville, capital of French Congo (now Republic of the Congo).
In 1963 dos Santos, together with several other young Angolans, received a scholarship for study in Moscow at Patrice Lumumba University. In 1969 dos Santos graduated with a degree in petroleum engineering. Mindful of the struggle to which he was returning at home, he stayed another year in the Soviet Union and took a military course in telecommunications and radar. During his student years he also married a Soviet woman.
6.DR Thomas Boni Yayi- Benin
Dr. Thomas Yayi Boni is born in 1952 , a Beninois banker and politician, is the current President of Benin. He took office on 6 April 2006 after winning elections held in the previous month.
Boni was born in Tchaourou, in the Borgou Department in northern Benin, then the French colony of Dahomey. He was educated in the regional capital, Parakou, and later studied economics at the National University of Benin. He studied banking at Cheikh Anta Diop University in Dakar, Senegal, and later economics and politics at the University of Orléans in France and at Paris University, where he completed a doctorate in economics in 1976.
From 1980 to 1988 Boni worked for the Central Bank of the States of West Africa (BCEAO), becoming its Deputy Director, based in Dakar. In 1988 he became Deputy Director for Professional Development at the West African Centre for Banking Studies, also in Dakar. From 1992 to 1994 he worked in the office of the President of Benin, Nicéphore Soglo, in charge of monetary and banking policy. Finally in 1994 he was appointed President of the West African Development Bank (BOAD). For his work on West African development he was appointed Chevalier de l’Ordre National de Mérite of the French Republic.
7.Jakaya Kikwete- Tanzania
Between 1959 and 1963, Kikwete went to Karatu Primary School in Tanzania before continuing with middle school education at Tengeru School from 1962 to 1965. After Tengeru, Kikwete moved to Kibaha Secondary School for his O-levels, which took place between 1966 and 1969, and then he studied at Tanga school for his advanced level education. He graduated from the University of Dar es Salaam in 1975 with a degree in economics.
8.Goodluck Jonathan- Nigeria (Ex-President)
Jonathan, of the Ijo (Ijaw) ethnic group and a Christian, was born and raised in the region of the Niger delta in what is now Bayelsa state. He attended Christian primary and secondary schools in the area and later attended the University of Port Harcourt, earning a B.S. in zoology (1981), an M.S. in hydrobiology and fisheries biology (1985), and a Ph.D. in zoology (1995). During his university education, he also taught at Rivers State College of Education from 1983 until 1993. He then served as an assistant director at the Oil Mineral Producing Areas Development Commission, a now defunctgovernment agency, from 1993 until 1998.
9.Professor Peter Mutharuka – Malawi
Mutharika received his law degree from the University of London in 1965. He then received his LL.M and JSD degrees from Yale University in 1966 and 1969 respectively. As a professor, he has taught at University of Dar es Salaam(Tanzania), Haile Selassie University (Ethiopia), Rutgers University (USA), the United Nations Institute for Training and Research Program for Foreign Service Officers from Africa and Asia at Makerere University (Uganda), and for 39 years at Washington University (USA), and has served as an Academic Visitor at theLondon School of Economics (UK). He also served as advisor to the American Bar Association‘s Rule of Law initiative for Africa. He was also the chair of the Institute for Democracy and Policy Studies.
10.Paul Biya – Cameroon
Paul Biya was born in 1933 in the southern Cameroonian village of Mvomeka’a. His parents were not wealthy, but his small village was a surprising springboard for his accomplishments. At age 7 his parents sent him to the Catholic mission at Ndem, approximately 30 miles from his home. One of Biya’s French tutors there found his work excellent, and determined that Biya should become a priest. At age fourteen he was admitted to Edea and Akono Junior Seminaries, run by the Saint Esprit fathers. His future was brightened further when he gained admission to the Lycee General Leclerc in Yaounde, Cameroon’s capital; Lycee Leclerc is French Cameroon’s most prestigious high school. At the Lycee, Biya studied Latin, Greek, and philosophy.
Biya’s excellent work in secondary school allowed him to study at the University of Paris, where he focused on law and political science. He received his law degree in 1960. After graduation, Biya lived in France and studied public law at the Institute of Overseas Studies. In 1962, when Biya returned to Cameroon, he did so at a historic point in his nation’s history. That turning point for Cameroon would provide opportunities and difficulties for Biya in the coming years.